Nā haʻuki kaulana i ʻEnelani

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻoe i kekahi haʻuki? Kūleʻa ka hana hoʻoikaika kino ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, akā aia kekahi mau haʻuki i makemake nui ʻia ma mua o nā mea ʻē aʻe, a i ʻole nā ​​haʻuki e hoʻomaʻamaʻa wale ʻia nei i kekahi mau ʻāina a ʻaʻole nā ​​mea āpau. ʻO kahi laʻana, maopopo iā ʻoe he aha ia nā haʻuki i makemake nui ʻia ma ʻEnelani?

ʻAʻole pāʻani ka pāʻani, hoʻokūkū ka haʻuki i ka hoʻokūkū, nā lula, ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ... a ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he nui nā haʻuki e hana ʻia ma ʻEnelani a ʻo kekahi ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike iā lākou ma ESPN. E ʻike kāua i ia mau mea.

Pāʻani ma ʻEnelani

ʻO ka mea mua, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia he loina kuʻuna ko ke Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa i nā haʻuki a me kēlā hānau ʻia nā haʻuki kaulana loa ma aneʻi. Kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana ka tennis, o bila bila, o mokomoko, o ka soccer, o kolepa'O hockey'O rugby...

Nā mokupuni liʻiliʻi loa a hoʻomaha ʻole ka poʻe, ʻeā? Inā pono mākou e hana i kahi moʻaukala a laila hiki iā mākou ke hoʻi i ka ʻumikūmāhiku kenekulia a me nā neʻe politika i kū ma nā mokupuni i kēlā manawa.

Ua lohe pono ʻoe nā mea hoʻomaʻemaʻeʻO nā kānaka ʻē, ʻaʻole aloha i nā leʻaleʻa, pololei. ʻĀ, pāpā ka Puritans i kekahi mau mea, e like me nā hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me kekahi mau hana kino a me nā hui e pili maoli ana i ka piliwaiwai. ʻO kahi laʻana, heihei lio a me ka mokomoko. Me ka hāʻule o ka Puritans ua hoʻi kēia mau hana i ka ikaika.

Ma ke kenekulia XNUMX cricket ua hoʻokumu paʻa ʻia ma waena o ka papa kiʻekiʻe Pelekane a ma nā kula lehulehu ka ka soccer. Me ka urbanisation o ke kenekulia XNUMX, hoʻomaka ka nui o nā pāʻani kaiāulu e neʻe i ke kūlanakauhale, me ka lima pū me nā limahana, a laila hana ka waena a me ka papa kiʻekiʻe i kā lākou hoʻololi. ʻO nā ʻoihana a me ko lākou ola i hoʻoponopono ʻia i hana i ke koena a pēlā nā haʻuki a mākou āpau i ʻike ai e hoʻonohonoho ʻia.

Nā haʻuki kaulana i ʻEnelani

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai i ka mua, he mea nui nā haʻuki ma ʻEnelani aʻo ka ʻāina ka wahi o nā mea kaulana o ka honua holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ia ka mea e pāʻani mau ai ka UK i nā hoʻokūkū o ka honua.

Ua huakaʻi ke kuko no nā haʻuki me nā kolone no laila i kēia lā nā mea hoʻokūkū ma mua e like me Australia, New Zealand a ʻo India paha he mau hoʻokūkū. ʻO kahi laʻana, i ka pīkī a i ʻole ke kinipōpō.

Rugby

Aia ma ʻEnelani kahi Hui Pōwāwae Aupuni a aia no kekahi ka Uniona kinipōpō. ʻO kēia haʻuki apono i kāna mau lula ma ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia XNUMX a lilo ia i mea makemake nui ʻia i nā kula, e hele hope i ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

ʻO ka pīpeku maanei ka ʻoihana a me ka leʻaleʻa. ʻAe pono ʻoe e ʻike he ʻokoʻa lākou kapeta, ka Hui Uihui a me ka Hui Pōwāwae. He mau lula ʻokoʻa kā lākou, ka helu o nā mea pāʻani, nā ala o ka neʻe ʻana i ka kinipōpō.

Ke Kinipōpō ʻOi aku ka makemake nui ʻia ma Yorkshire, North West England a me Cumbria.. Mālama ʻia nā pāʻani nui loa ma aneʻi.

badminton

ʻO kēia pākani ʻoi aku kona kaulana ma mua o ka tennis i ka ʻāina, a no ka mea ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka hikiʻoiai ʻoe he mea hoʻomaka. ʻOiai he ʻōlelo Pelekania maikaʻi, badminton hānau ʻia ma ʻInia ma ke ʻano he ʻano ʻokoʻa o kahi pāʻani Pelekane kuʻuna i pāʻani me nā lākeke.

Aia a laila ka ʻO Badminton Association o ʻEnelani, hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1893, nāna e hoʻoponopono i nā haʻuki i ka lāhui a kākoʻo i kekahi Nā lāhui 41 kahi e mālama ʻia ai kēia haʻuki.

Cricket

Ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia nei nā kumu o kēia haʻuki akā me ke kanalua ʻole ua hānau ʻia ia ma nā mokupuni ʻEnelani a mai ia manawa ua ʻāpana ia o ka idiosyncrasy lahui. ʻO ka mōʻaukala mai ka makahiki XNUMX i hala a i ʻole ma mua iki, mai ka inoa o ka haʻuki i ʻōlelo ʻia i nā palapala o ia manawa. ʻOiaʻiʻo, e pāʻani paha ia ma mua, ma ke ʻano he ʻano pāʻani o nā keiki.

I kēia lā aia he 18 kalapu kalikimaka ʻoihana i ʻEnelani a he mau inoa kalana ko kēlā me kēia. ʻO kēlā me kēia kauwela e komo i kēlā me kēia kalapu i ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū mokupuni mua, ua hoʻokūkū ʻia he hoʻokūkū ʻelua ʻelima mau lā ma mua o ʻehā mau lā.

ʻO Cricket kahi pāʻani ia hoʻohana ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me ke kinipōpō, me nā hui ʻelua e kū pono ana kekahi i kekahi ma ke kahua i waenakonu o laila kahi puʻu me nā lāʻau kahi e hele ai lākou i nā kinipōpō.

Heihei lio

ʻO ia ka ʻo ka lua o nā haʻuki i nānā nui ʻia ma UK a ʻo ke kū lōʻihi loa. Hoʻokumu ia i kahi kālā he nui a ʻo kāna mau hanana nui ʻelua ka Royal Ascot (ka mea e hele ai ke aliʻi me nā pāpale nunui a kakaʻikahi loa), a me ka Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Cheltenham.

Heihei holo lio ma nā mokupuni mai nā manawa romana, no laila ka nui o kāna mau rula. ʻO ka Lāʻau Jockey mai nā makahiki 1750 a ʻo ia kēia hoʻoholo i nā mea āpau i ka haʻuki.

Aia ʻelua ʻano heihei: ka heihei pālahalaha me nā mamao mamao ma nā ala hele ʻole, a me ka heihei Hunting National ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi a i laila e lele pinepine ai nā lio.

Aia a puni o 60 nā heihei heihei ua laikini ʻia ma UK, me ʻelua mau mea hou ma Northern Ireland. ʻO Chester ka mea kahiko loa, mai ka makahiki XNUMX.

ʻO Tennis

 

Tennis loaʻa ʻokoʻa a ke nānā nei lākou i ka makahiki ʻumikūmālua i France, ma kona pā hale i hoʻokani ʻia ai ka hala ʻana o kahi kinipōpō ma ke kuʻi ʻana iā ia me ka poho o ka lima. Me he mea lā ʻaʻole makemake ʻo Luis X i ka pāʻani ma waho a no laila ua hoʻolauna ʻo ia i nā pā hale, kahi hana i pālahalaha ʻia i nā hale aliʻi o ʻEulopa.

ʻIke ʻia nā raka ma ke kahua i ke kenekulia XNUMX a ʻo ia ka manawa i kapa ʻia ka haʻuki leʻaleʻa, he huaʻōlelo mai ka Palani mai, ʻenekia, paʻa a lawe paha, i kekahi mea i hoʻōho ʻia ma waena o ka poʻe kūʻē. No laila, lilo ia i mea makemake nui ʻia ma Palani a me ʻEnelani. ʻO Henry VIII kahi mea pā nui o ka tennis.

No nā makahiki he 30 i ka makahiki kenekulia XNUMX a mai ia manawa ua hoʻomaka lākou e hoʻokumu i nā lula a me nā code o ka haʻuki. I kēia lā, ka hoʻokūkū Wimbledon ʻO ia ka mea makemake nui ʻia ma ʻEnelani a ʻo kekahi o nā slam nui o ka ATP Tour. Ua pāʻani ʻia mai ka makahiki 1877.

Hopena

Ua hānau ʻia kēia haʻuki ma ʻAigupita Kahiki a i kēia lā mea like me nā kula Pelekane a me nā kula. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka haʻuki e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei ua hānau ʻia ia i ka hoʻomaka o ka ʻumikūmāhiku kenekulia i nā regattas i mālama ʻia ma ka muliwai Thames, ma Ladana, kahi i hoʻokūkū ai nā ʻuniona a me nā hui like ʻole. Ma ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua hānau ʻia nā "kalapu moku" i nā kula lehulehu e like me Ke Kula ʻo Eton a i ʻole ke Kula ʻo Durham a ma nā kula i ʻike nui ʻia e like me Cambridge a me Oxford.

La ʻO International Rowing Federation ua hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1892 a ʻo ia kēlā hoʻoponopono i ka haʻuki ʻoiaʻiʻo, he 150 ona ʻĀina lālā. Waiwai he haʻuki olympic ia A ʻo ia i loko o nā pāʻani mai 1896. Ke hoʻokūkū nei nā kāne mai ia manawa aku, akā ʻo nā wahine wale nō mai ka 1976.

Golf

Ke kolepa ua haku ʻia ma Skotland akā makemake nui ʻia ia ma ʻEnelani. Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma ke kapakai hikina o Sekotia, kokoke i Edinburgh, a laila hoʻolei nā mea pāʻani i nā ʻiliʻili ma nā puʻu one. Nui ka pīhoihoi o nā Scots a haʻalele lākou i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa pūʻali koa i ka XNUMX kenekulia, no laila ua hoʻoholo ʻo King James I e pāpā iā ia.

ʻAʻohe mea i nānā nui iā ia, a laila lilo ke kolepa i pāʻani i kākoʻo ʻia ma ke kenekulia XNUMX, ma lalo o ka ʻae a King James IV. Mai Skotlandia i ʻEnelani a mai ʻEnelani i ka honua. Ua lilo i kūlana ma ʻEnelani me ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ka Gentlemen Golfers ma Leith, ka hui kolepa mua, i ka 1744. Ua kūkulu ʻia ka papa kolepa 18-hole mua ma St. Andrews i ka makahiki 1764, e waiho ana i ka hae no ka pāʻani.

Ke kolepa ua pālahalaha ʻia mai ka lima o ke Aupuni ʻEnelani i ke kenekulia XNUMX, iā India, ʻIlani, ʻAukekulia, Kanada, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Hong Kong. Ua lawe mai ka Industrial Revolution i nā loli he nui a ua hana ke kaʻaahi i nā hui kolepa haʻalele i nā kūlanakauhale i ke kuaʻāina, e loaʻa ana nā mea ukali a me nā mea pāʻani. Ua loli ka hana ʻana i nā kinipōpō a me nā lāʻau. Ua hānau ʻia ka British Open ma 1860.

Ua pau ka mana Pelekane ma luna o ka kolepa ua ʻike ʻia ma ka hanana ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, i ka 1894. ʻO kāu hui hoʻokumu i nā lula hope loa o ka pāʻani a hoʻokumu i nā lāʻau he nui. I kēia lā, ʻoiai he nani a nani nā papa kolepa ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻole o nā mea ma ʻEnelani.

I kēlā me kēia hihia, hoʻohanohano i kona wahi hānau, kekahi o nā papa kolepa kaulana loa o ka honua e noho nei ma Skotlandia i kēia lā: Gleneagles, Carnoustie, Saint Andrews, Royal Troon ...

Fútbol

He moʻolelo lōʻihi ko ka soccer ma aneʻi a ʻoiai he mau palapala e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka soccer i loko 1314. Eia kekahi, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hoʻokūkū mua o ka honua ma aneʻi a ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻāpana ʻoihana mua ma aneʻi pū kekahi.

Aia ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli mau hui kinipōpō hīnaʻi a ʻo ka kuʻikahi kaulana loa i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano Kuhina Nui o Oʻahu. He 20 mau kime o kēia hui ma UK a ma waena o nā mea i makemake nui ʻia ʻo Arsenal, Liverpool a me Manchester United.

Mālama ʻia ka Pôpeku ma aneʻi e ka Hui Pôpeku, kekahi o nā mea kahiko o ka honua. Ua hānau ʻia e hoʻoponopono i nā ʻano like ʻole o ka pōpeku i hoʻokani ʻia i kēlā manawa i nā kula lehulehu o ka ʻāina. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo i lawe ʻia kēia mau rula mai ka Cambridge Rules, i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke kulanui i ʻōlelo ʻia ma 1848.

ʻO ka lima me ka Pelekania i huakaʻi me nā hui a puni ka haʻuki honua i ka palena. I kēia lā ʻo ia kekahi o nā haʻuki i pāʻani nui ʻia i ka honua, ʻoihana a me nā hana leʻaleʻa. ʻO ka World Cup i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e FIFA me ke kānalua ʻole he lehulehu-leʻaleʻa a me ka nui o ke kālā.

I kēia manawa, kekahi o nā haʻuki kaulana loa ma ʻEnelani. Hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohui i ka papa inoa i ka ʻauʻau, track and field, kahua a me ka hockey hau, a me ka pālolo.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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