ʻO ka Siberian Taiga

taiga

ʻO Taiga a i ʻole ka ululaau boreal ka huaʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ʻike ai i kekahi kaiaolaola, ʻo ia o ka nui o nā ululāʻau coniferous nui e hele ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka honua, ma ka palena o nā palena o ka Arctic.

He huaʻōlelo Lūkini ka huaʻōlelo taiga, ʻoiai mai ka ʻōlelo yakuta, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻohana Siberian Turkic ʻokoʻa. ʻO ke ʻano o ia ka "ʻāina puni ʻole" a i ʻole "ʻĀpana nahele." ʻOiai he ʻokoʻa semantically ke ʻano o nā manaʻo, mai ka manaʻo o kahi kaiāulu hānai hānai like like lākou.

ʻO nā kāina hulihonua o ka taiga ʻekolu mau ʻāina: ʻO Amerika Hema, Kūpono i loko Kanada'O 'OkoiʻEulopa y Siberia, ma Lūkia. Aia kahi e loaʻa ai kēia hanohano o nā ululāʻau nui a hihiu i ka hanohano. ʻO ka maʻamau, ke kamaʻilio kekahi e pili ana i ka taiga, me ke kānalua ʻole e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka taiga Siberian, ka taiga maoli maoli.

Kolo aku kēia ulu lāʻau pau ʻole no nā mile he mau kaukani me ka hoʻomaha ʻole (ma kahi o 7.000 km mai ka hikina a ke komohana), ma o nā mauna, nā pāpū a me nā kahawai. Kū kekahi o nā ululāʻau i ka taiga Siberian i waena o nā mea kahiko o ka honua.

Taiga Siberia Komohana

La taiga siberian komohana He ululaau nui ia e hohola ana ma waena o ka Nā kuahiwi Ural a me ka Ke kahawai ʻo Yenisei. He ululāʻau nunui a puʻupaʻa ia e uhi ana i kahi o 1.670.000 kilomika kilomika.

ʻAno ʻole noho ʻia kēia ʻāina holoʻokoʻa, ʻoiai ma ka palena hema o ka ululāʻau he mau kūlanakauhale nui a koʻikoʻi e like me ʻO Yekaterinburg, ma kahi o 300.000 poʻe e noho nei. I ke kūkulu ʻākau, ma hope o kahi neʻe hoʻololi o kahi 100 mau kilomita, hāʻawi ke taiga i ka tundra.

hoʻoilo taiga

Mamuli o ka latitu, ua aniau ʻo ke Taiga Siberian ke anuanu. ʻIke ʻia ʻo ke aniau boreal, i hōʻike ʻia e nā kauwela pōkole, maloʻo loa a me ka hoʻoilo a lōʻihi hoʻi. ʻAʻole maʻamau ka mahana o ke kauwela ma mua o 18-19º C, akā i ka hoʻoilo hāʻule lākou i -30º C. ʻO ka ua maʻamau he 450-500 mm o ka makahiki.

Ma waena o nā wahi pale nui i ka ʻāina, pono mākou e haʻi i ka ʻO Denezhkin Kamen, Ilmen, Sosva, Pripyshminskiye Bory a me nā mālama kūlohelohe Yugansky. ʻIke ʻia kēia mau mālama i Russia ma ka manawa zapovenik, ʻo ia hoʻi "wahi nahelehele mau."

Nā mea kanu maʻamau o ka taiga Siberian

ʻO nā ʻano lāʻau nui o ka taiga Siberian ka konifela, lōʻihi a ʻōmaʻomaʻo mau. I nā ʻĀkau o ka ʻĀkau he laha loa lākou larches, firs, spruces a me nā pine ʻeleʻele. Ma ka ʻaoʻao hema, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hui pū nā conifers me nā ʻano lāʻau deciduous e like me maples, birch, lāʻau lehu, willow y Nā lāʻau ʻoka.

Ululaau Siberian

Siberian taiga flora

ʻO nā kalaunu o nā lāʻau, kiʻekiʻe a mānoanoa, ʻaʻole e ʻae i ka hele o ka lā, no laila ulu lākou ma luna o nā mea āpau i ka pae honua nā limu a me nā limuHoʻolālā ʻia ʻaneʻane kokoke 40% o ka lepo i ka taiga i kahe wai. I loko o kēia mau ʻāpana hou o ka ʻāina i ka nui o nā peʻa. Aia ma ka hema komohana o ka ʻāina ka Hoʻoulu Vasyugan, kekahi o nā kahawai nui loa ma ka honua, nona ka peat e hoʻonui aku i kahi hohonu o 2 mau mika. Ma nā wahi palena o ka ʻākau, nele i nā lāʻau, paʻahau ka honua i ka permafrost.

I ka taiga Siberia, ma nā wahi hema hoʻi, aia kekahi mau kumulāʻau e ʻano like me nā ulu lāʻau. Aia i waena o nā mea kanu hua berry koʻikoʻi ka gooseberryka kāpili, Las raspberry arctic aiʻole buckthorn. I ka puna, ke hemo ka hau, puka lākou mea kanu pua keʻokeʻo.

ʻĀina manu holoholona

ʻO nā ululāʻau nui o ka taiga ka wahi noho o nā holoholona he nui a ʻano ʻokoʻa. Ma waena o nā mea mamala e ʻike ai mākou i nā mea ulu o nā lau nahele e like me ka reindeer'O ciervus aiʻole moose. Nui aʻe nā rodents, mai ka hare keʻokeʻo,ʻia Marta a me ka mink a i nā ʻano like ʻole o nā squirrels, lāpaki a me nāʻiole.

brown bear

ʻO ka bea ʻeleʻele, kekahi o nā kamaʻāina nui o ka taiga

ʻO nā canivores nui ka lobo'O Zorro'O lynx A'o ka weasel. Kūpono i kahi mokuna ʻokoʻa brown bear, kekahi o nā holoholona i koho nui ʻia o ka fauna o ka taiga Siberian.

Ma waena o nā manu pono mākou e kahi nui i kekahi mau raptors e like me ka hawk'O Aeto a me ka pueo kakaka. Ma nā wahi hema loa lākou e noho ai ʻūlū ʻeleʻele a me nā ʻano manu manu he nui e like me ka manu liʻiliʻi aiʻole ululāʻau. Ma muli o ke anuanu o ke aniau o kēia mau ʻāina, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā mea kolo, ʻoiai kekahi mau ʻano nā moʻo a me nā moonihoawa.

Nui nā holoholona i ola i ka hoʻoilo lōʻihi, anuanu a me ka hau o ka taiga Siberian e ka ʻae ʻana i kahi mokuʻāina o anabiosis (i ka hihia o invertebrates) a i ʻole hibernación (e like me kekahi mau mea hoʻomomona e like me ka bear brown or the squirrel). "Holo" nā manu mai nā kūlana aniau paʻakikī e ka neʻe ʻana i ka hema.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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