Mafuko achikhalidwe ku Venezuela: Warao

Mtundu wa Warao

Pakadali pano ku Venezuela titha kupeza mafuko azikhalidwe zopitilira 26: Akawayo, Añu, Arawak del Norte, Bari, Eñepa, Guajibo, Jodi, Kariña, Mapoyo, Pemon, Piaroa, Puinave, Pume, Saliva, Sape, Uruak, Warao, Wayuu , Yanomami, Yavarana, Yekuana, Yeral, Yurpa ndi Arawak del Sur. Koma m'nkhaniyi tikambirana za fuko Warao, tawuni yamakolo yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Orinoco, umodzi mwa mitsinje yofunika kwambiri ku Latin America ndipo womwe mbali zambiri umadutsa ku Venezuela.

Zakale za Warao ku Orinoco Delta ndizovuta kukhazikitsa, koma maphunziro aposachedwa, kutengera zidutswa za ceramic, amatsimikizira kuti idayambira zaka 17.000 Khristu asanabadwe. Ndi izi, zonse zikuwoneka kuti zikusonyeza kuti fuko lino ndi lakale kwambiri ku Delta komanso ku Venezuela. Mawu oti Warao otanthauziridwa m'Castilian amatanthauza Anthu apama bwato.

Pakadali pano Warao ndiye fuko lachiwiri lalikulu kwambiri ku Venezuela kumbuyo kwa Wayú ndi anthu pafupifupi 40.000. Ngakhale mzaka za 60 panali zochitika zingapo zomwe zikadapangitsa kuti fuko lino lithere, monga mchere wamadzi ndi acidification wa dothi, zomwe zidapangitsa kuchepa kwa usodzi, tikudziwa momwe tingasinthire chilengedwe, ngakhale izi zidapangitsa kuti anthu ambiri asamukire kumizinda ikuluikulu.

Warao ndi omanga pakati, olimba komanso opanda ndevu. Popeza amakhala ndi madzi pafupipafupi, nkhani yovala siyofunika kwa iwo ndipo amangogwiritsa ntchito kachidutswa kakang'ono kamene amadutsa pakati pa miyendo yawo ndikugwera patsogolo pawo ngati thewera. M'malo mwake azimayi amabvala ndi nthenga, ulusi wa curagua ndi zibangili onse pamanja ndi pamiyendo.

Chilankhulo

Malinga ndi zomwe zaposachedwa kwambiri kuchokera ku National Census of Venezuela, yolingana ndi chaka cha 2001, pakadali pano pali Waraos pafupifupi 36.000. Pazonsezi, ena 28.000 amadzinena kuti amalankhula Warao pomwe 3000 amagwiritsa ntchito Spanish ngati njira yokhayo yolumikizirana. Chilankhulo cha Warao chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi fuko lino komanso A Creole ambiri aku Venezuela.

Chakudya

Chakudya cha Warao

Chakudya chake chachikulu, chokhazikitsidwa ku Orinoco Delta ndi amasodza morocoto ndi guabina, komanso amasaka makoswe ang'onoang'ono ngati limpet ndi acure, ngakhale alinso ndi uchi ndi minda yazipatso zamtchire. Mu zouma zouma, nkhanu ndizo chakudya chawo chachikulu. Moriche ndiye gwero lalikulu la chakudya cha Warao, chomwe nthawi ina chimachokera mkatikati mwa mtengo, kudzera muntchito yovuta, chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pakeke ya yuruma. Koma sikuti imagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati chakudya, komanso thunthu la mtengowu limagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ntchito zamanja komanso ngati chothandizira pakumanga, kaya pamakoma, kudenga, milatho ... Ntchito ina ya moriche ndi chitsime- ma harpoon odziwika odziwika ngati nahalda.

Ure, tuber wolemera wowuma pakapita nthawi Zakhala zikulowa m'malo mwa wowuma popeza imatha kukololedwa chaka chonse, zomwe zakhala zikusintha zakudya za Waraos.

malo okhala

Nyumba ya Warao

Warao Amagawidwa m'magulu ang'onoang'ono otchedwa rancherímonga, Zili m'mbali mwa mtsinje, ndipo zili ndi nyumba pafupifupi 15, zomwe zimatha kukhala ndi anthu 200. Madera awa amatsogozedwa ndi kazembe, kaputeni komanso woimira boma pamilandu omwe amayang'anira zokonza zonse za anthu ammudzi komanso miyambo yosiyanasiyana ya Warao. Izi nthawi zambiri zimaperekedwa kwa amuna. M'malo mokhala nyumba, wopanga chisankho ndi mayiyo, yemwe amayang'anira kuyang'anira chuma cha mnyumba, kugawa zokolola ndikusaka pakati pa banja lake.

Nyumba zonse zimalumikizidwa ndi milatho yaying'ono yopangidwa ndi mitengo, monga nyumba. Nyumba Zimatetezedwa ndi masamba a kanjedza a Temiche ndipo nthawi zina amakhala ndi makoma kutsatira miyambo ya makolo awo. Kuchokera pamtengo uwu amagwiritsanso ntchito mitengo ikuluikulu yofunikira popanga nyumba, zomwe nthawi zonse zimayang'anizana ndi mtsinjewo, ndipo zimapangidwa ndi khitchini yopangidwa ndi dongo ndi zisoti momwe angapumulire, popeza nthawi zambiri amakhala kunja kwa nyumbazo.

Koma osati nyumba zokha zomwe zimamangidwa mumtsinje wa delta womwe a Morichales nawonso amagwiritsa, kuchokera komwe amachotsera moriche, kupita amanga nyumba zazing'ono, zapabanja limodzi, wokutidwa ndi masamba a moriche.

Zikhulupiriro

Zikhulupiriro za Warao ndizolumikizana ndi mizimu yotchedwa Tiyeni, yoperekedwa chifukwa, zogonana komanso chifuniro chomwe angakhale nacho chabwino, cholakwika kapena chosalowerera ndale, kutengera machitidwe amunthu. Tiyeni tipeze zinthu zonse komanso zochitika m'moyo a Warao, nawonso ali ndi udindo woyang'anira mikuntho, kusefukira kwa madzi, chilala ... Mkati mwa Tiyeni, timapeza zabwino ndi zoyipa. Osavuta Tiyeni amapezeka mu zidutswa zing'onozing'ono za quartz pomwe zoyipazo zimapezeka m'magazi akusamba. Tiyeni tiwonetsetse kuti Warao akukhala mogwirizana, kupereka bata, mtendere ndi mgwirizano pagulu. Mizimu imeneyi imagwirizana chifukwa cha utsi wa Wina, womwe umapangidwa ndikukulunga fodya ndi tsamba la Manaca.

Maulendo

Mayendedwe m'mabwato a Warao

Mwa madera osiyanasiyana, popeza kulibe misewu, a Warao amagwiritsa ntchito mapaipi ngati njira yolumikizirana. Chofunika kwambiri Njira zoyendera ndi curiana kapena bwato kuti mzaka zaposachedwa akhala akuphatikiza ma injini opanda mphamvu ndipo omwe amapangidwa kuchokera pachipika chimodzi chomwe chidafukulidwa ndikuwotchedwa mkati kuti athe kutsegula ndikutambasula mbali zake.

ukwati

Maukwati pakati pa Warao nthawi zambiri amakhala ovomerezeka ndi anthu ochokera kumadera ena ndipo samapangidwa mwambowu. A Waraos ndi okhulupirika kwa banjali, amakwatirana ali aang'ono kwambiri, makamaka mkazi akafika msinkhu wothamanga.

maphunziro

Maphunziro a Waraos

Pakalibe malo ophunzitsira, ang'ono kwambiri amaphunzitsa kuti aziwona ndi kuphunzira zomwe akulu amachita. Okalamba amadziperekanso kuti agwirizane nawo pophunzitsa zazing'ono kwambiri pofotokoza nkhani zomwe nthawi zambiri, zotsatira zake zimakhala kuchotsedwa m'deralo. Mwanjira imeneyi amaphunzira ntchito zawo tsiku ndi tsiku ndikukhala ndi malamulo oyendetsera dera.

Zojambula

Waraos ndi luso lake

Waraos nthawi zonse akhala akatswiri pazowumba ndipo umboni wa izi ndi zidutswa zingapo za ziwiya zadothi zomwe zapulumutsidwa pazofukula zomwe zidachitika ku Amacuro Delta. Lero akadali amisiri abwino kwambiri, koma samadzipereka monga kale anali zoumbaumba zokha, komanso amagwiritsa ntchito mitengo ya moriche ndi mitengo ya sangrito pangani madengu, mikanda, ziweto, ma sebucane, ma mana, atsikana okongola, chinchorros de moriche...

chikhalidwe

A Waraos amadziwika kuti ndianthu osangalala komanso osangalala. Zolemba zovina zapadera pamodzi ndi nyimbo zawo ndizazikulu kwambiri. Zida zoyimbira zakale ndizakale, monga dau-kojo, najsemoi, kariso ndi mujúsemoi (wopangidwa ndi tibia ya nswala). Koma osangogwiritsa ntchito zida za makolo awo, komanso gwiritsani ntchito ma maracas, ngoma za khungu la araguato ndi violin yaku Europe.


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  1.   cristian anati

    Ili ndi bodza loyera amayi mazira att cristian jesus barrueta guzman.

  2.   pinki anati

    Ndizabwino bwanji ……

  3.   pinki anati

    hahahahaha bulu wanu ayabwa mamagueva

  4.   karlA anati

    Sali abwino koma china chake ndichinthu china

  5.   DIANA anati

    KUKHALA KWABWINO KWAMBIRI NGATI MULI OKHULUPIRIKA NDI ZOSAVUTA Q NDI KUTI

  6.   mtendere wamoyo anati

    Abale ndi alongo okondedwa, simuyenera kusiya ndemanga zamtunduwu ... tiyeni tikhale ndi maphunziro abwino !! Mulungu akudalitseni!!

  7.   Raúl anati

    kuyamwa webo ndizoona

  8.   deysi wotsiriza anati

    Ichi ndichifukwa chake dziko lili chonchi, anthu salinso kulemekeza ena.

  9.   erika gonzalez anati

    hahahahahaha Ndimayankhula ndikuseka….

  10.   ndodo anati

    chabwino osalankhula chonchi ndichabwino chonchi ?????

  11.   alba anati

    Osiyanasiyana !!!!

  12.   alba anati

    Ingoganizirani ngati muli aphunzitsi, ndipo muyenera kuphunzitsa, ndi lexicon yomwe mumatha kuwononga anthu kuposa momwe iliri.

  13.   omarilis anati

    Chonde osanena matemberero awa ????????????????????????????????

  14.   kathy chacin anati

    zovala za waraos zili bwanji

  15.   Daniela anati

    Izi ndi zomwe ndimayang'ana, sikoyenera kumenyera chinthu chopusa, ganizirani za Mulungu ndipo tsopano

  16.   Daniela anati

    Moni, chomwe ndikufuna kunena ndikuti sikofunikira kumenyera zinthu zomwe zilibe kanthu, ganizirani za Mulungu, osalabadira anthu omwe akufuna kukuwonetsani ndikuwerenga iyi ndi intaneti, aliyense amatsegula mumalemba mawu oyipa pali ana omwe akuwerenga awa ali ndi ulemu pang'ono