Zomera ku Brazil zili pachiwopsezo chotha

maluwa brazil
Brasil Limakhala dziko lobiriwira kwambiri ku South America, dziko lokhala ndi malo ambiri achilengedwe komanso zamoyo zosiyanasiyana. Komabe, chuma chambiri ichi chikuopsezedwa kwambiri, makamaka Zomera zaku Brazil.

Kafukufuku yemwe adachitika zaka zingapo mdziko la South America akuti kuchuluka kwa mitundu yazomera yomwe ili pachiwopsezo ndi 2.118. Osati zokhazo: komanso, malinga ndi katswiri wodziwika bwino ku Brazil Gustavo Martinelli, mtsogoleri wa Buku Lofiira la Flora waku Brazil (2013), a kutayika zamoyo zimathamanga kwambiri kuposa momwe zimaganiziridwa zaka zingapo zapitazo.

Martinelli wakhala akugwira ntchito yotsogola ndikusanja chuma chamasamba ku Brazil. Khama lawo lithandizanso kukulitsa kuzindikira kwa anthu komanso olamulira zakufunika kwakukambirana pazachuma ichi.

Mitundu yambiri yazomera ku Brazil imaphatikizidwa mu Mndandanda Wofiira wa International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Komabe, potengera kafukufuku watsopano, mndandanda womwewo ndiwambiri.

Akatswiri akuti m'nkhalango za ku Brazil akadabisabe mitundu yambiri yosadziwika. Mitunduyi imatha kukhala pakati pa 10% ndi 20% yazomera zenizeni ku Brazil. Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, kuchuluka kwa mitundu yatsopano yazidziwitso kumachedwa pang'onopang'ono kusiyana ndi kuchuluka kwa mitundu yodziwika.

ndi zifukwa zakutha kumeneku amadziwika bwino. Zitha kufotokozedwa mwachidule mu zitatu:

  • Kudula mitengo mosasankha chifukwa chaulimi.
  • Kudula mitengo kumalumikizidwa ndi kutukuka kwa mizinda yatsopano.
  • Moto wa m'nkhalango.

Mitundu yazomera ku Brazil

Mitundu yowopsya ya zomera ku Brazil imadziwika kuti magulu anayi malinga ndi ziwopsezo. Magawowa apangidwa potengera kuchuluka kwa kuchepa, kuchuluka kwa anthu, dera logawa madera ndi kuchuluka kwa kugawikana kwa anthu.

Uwu ndiye mndandanda wachidule kwambiri cha mitundu yazizindikiro yomwe ikuopsezedwa ndi kutha:

Andrequicé (PAAulonemia effusa)

Amadziwikanso ndi mayina ena monga chiasa, aveia amatseka o sambaia indiana. Ndi chomera chokhala ndi mawonekedwe ngati nsungwi chomwe chimakonda kumera m'mbali mwa nyanja ku Brazil. Lero ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu.

Chaku BrazilSyngonanthus Lumikizanani)

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutha ku Brazil ndichomwe chimapatsa dzikoli dzina. Mitengo yake idagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi omwe amakhala ku Portugal kuti apange ma colorants ndikupanga zida zina zoimbira.

jacaranda ndi baia

Nthambi za Jacaranda zochokera ku Baia

Jacaranda da Baia (Dalberga nigra)

Mtengo wokhazikika wa maluwa ku Brazil omwe mitengo yake ndiyofunika kwambiri. Kudula mitengo mosasankha kunachepetsa kuchuluka kwa zitsanzo mpaka kufika pamlingo.

Marmelinho (Brosimum glaziovii)

Chomera cha Shrubby chomwe chimapanga zipatso zokhala ndi zinthu zambiri zopindulitsa. Chomerachi, chomwe ndi cha banja limodzi ndi mitengo ya mabulosi, chili pachiwopsezo chachikulu chakusowa ku Brazil.

Painha

Paininha ndi maluwa ake ofiira ofiira komanso achikaso. Mitundu yowopsa.

Chimamanda (Matenda a Trigonia)

Bzalani ndi maluwa okongola ofiira ndi achikasu omwe kupezeka kwawo m'mbali mwa nyanja kwachepetsedwa kwambiri m'zaka zaposachedwa.

Palmito-juçara (Euterpe edulis)

Mitundu yaying'ono yamitengo yaying'ono yokhala ndi thunthu lowonda lomwe limamera m'malo ena akumwera dzikolo. Minda yayikulu yamitengo yamakedzana ili ndi malire masiku ano pakupezeka umboni.

pinheiro parana

Pinheriro do Paraná kapena Araucária: "Brazil" paini yomwe ili pachiwopsezo chazimiririka.

Pinheiro do Paraná (PA)Araucaria angustifolia)

Mitengo yamtundu wa banja la Auraucariaceae adatchulidwa kuti ndi zomera zosavutikira. Pine iyi yaku Brazil, yotchedwanso chidwi, imatha kufika mamita 35 kutalika. Poyambirira idafalikira ngati mawonekedwe amitengo yayikulu kumwera kwa dzikolo. Kubwerera m'mbuyo m'zaka makumi angapo zapitazi kwakhala kwakukulu.

Sangue de Chikungunya (Helosis cayennensis)

Mtengo wochokera kudera la Amazon womwe utoto wake wofiira, wofanana ndi magazi, umagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthu zambiri zathanzi komanso zokongola.

Velame preto (Camarea wamba)

Chomera chotchuka cha "ulusi wakuda", chomwe chidachuluka kwambiri, chasowa mdziko muno.

waubweya

Chomera chaubweya, chowopsa

 

Veludo (Duguetia glabriscula)

Bzalani ndi maluwa apinki omwe mawonekedwe ake apadera ndi tsinde lake ndi masamba "aubweya". Zaka zana zapitazo zidagawidwa pafupifupi m'dziko lonselo, lero zikukhalabe m'malo ena otetezedwa.

Sungani maluwa aku Brazil

Ndizomveka kunena kuti ntchito zofunikira zikuchitika pofuna kuteteza zomera ku Brazil. Dziko la Brazil ndi lomwe lasainira gulu la Msonkhano Wosiyanasiyana Kwachilengedwe ndi Zolinga za Aichi (2011), kudzipereka padziko lonse lapansi kuteteza kutha kwa mitundu yowopsa.

Mwa zina zambiri, boma la feduro lidasindikiza zaka zingapo zapitazo a madera oyambira mapu, ambiri omwe alandila kale a udindo wapadera wotetezedwa. Osangopulumutsa zomera zokha, komanso nyama za mdziko muno.

M'mapulogalamu onsewa, a teknoloji imatenga gawo lofunikira. Chifukwa cha izi, ndizotheka kusunga mbewu za mbewu zomwe zingawopsezedwe mtsogolo m'malo okhalamo.

 


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