Chipembedzo ku England

Chithunzi | Wikipedia

Kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, chipembedzo chofala kwambiri ku England chomwe chakhala chovomerezeka mdzikolo ndi Anglicanism, nthambi yachikhristu.. Komabe, kusinthika kwa zochitika m'mbiri ndi zochitika monga kusamukira kudziko lina kwachititsa kuti zikhulupiriro zosiyanasiyana zizikhalanso m'malire ake. Mu positi yotsatira tikambirana zomwe ndizachipembedzo chodziwika kwambiri ku England ndi zina zokomera ena.

Anglicanism

Chipembedzo chovomerezeka ku England ndi Anglicanism, chomwe chimachitika ndi 21% ya anthu. Tchalitchi cha England chidapitilizabe kulumikizana ndi Tchalitchi cha Katolika mpaka zaka za zana la XNUMX. Izi zikuchitika mwa lamulo la a King Henry VIII atachita ukulu mu 1534 pomwe amadzinena kuti ndiye wamkulu wa Tchalitchi muufumu wake komanso komwe amalamula anthu ake kuti apatukane ndikumvera chipembedzo cha Papa wa Clement VII, yemwe anali wotsutsana ndi Amfumu adasudzula mfumukazi Catherine waku Aragon kuti akwatire wokondedwa wake Ana Bolena.

Lamulo lamsonkho chaka chomwecho lidatsimikiza kuti omwe adakana izi ndikulanda mfumu ulemu wake ngati mutu wa Tchalitchi cha England kapena kunena kuti ndiwosakhulupirika kapena wopandukira milandu adzaimbidwa mlandu woukira boma ndi chilango chonyongedwa. . Mu 1554, Mfumukazi Mary I waku England, yemwe anali Mkatolika wodzipereka, adachotsa izi, koma atamwalira mlongo wake Elizabeth I adabwezeretsanso.

Potero idayamba nyengo yodana ndi Akatolika pakupembedza lumbiro ku lamulo loti onse azikhala ndi maudindo akuluakulu kapena atchalitchi muufumu. M'zaka makumi awiri zapitazi za boma la Elizabeth I, pomwe Akatolika adalandidwa mphamvu ndi chuma chawo, padali anthu ambiri akufa a Akatolika olamulidwa ndi mfumukazi yomwe idawapanga ofera ambiri a Mpingo wa Katolika monga a Jesuit Edmundo Campion. Adasankhidwa ndi Papa Paul VI mu 1970 ngati m'modzi mwa ofera makumi anayi aku England ndi Wales.

Chiphunzitso cha Anglican

A King Henry VIII anali odana ndi Aprotestanti komanso Akatolika opembedza. M'malo mwake, adalengezedwa kuti "Woteteza Chikhulupiriro" chifukwa chokana chiphunzitso cha Lutheran. Komabe, kuti awonetsetse kuti ukwati wawo uthe, adaganiza zopatukana ndi Tchalitchi cha Katolika ndikukhala mutu wapamwamba wa Tchalitchi cha England.

Pamaphunziro azaumulungu, Anglicanism yoyambirira sinali yosiyana kwambiri ndi Chikatolika. Komabe, atsogoleri owonjezeka achipembedzo chatsopanochi adawonetsa chifundo chawo kwa Osintha Chiprotestanti, makamaka Calvin ndipo chifukwa chake Tchalitchi cha England pang'onopang'ono chidayamba kusakanikirana pakati pa miyambo Yachikatolika ndi Kusintha Kwachiprotestanti. Mwanjira imeneyi, Anglicanism imadziwika kuti ndi chipembedzo chomwe chimalekerera ziphunzitso zosiyanasiyana kuphatikiza pazofunikira za Chikhristu.

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Chikatolika

Ndi ochepera 20% ya anthu, Chikatolika ndichipembedzo chachiwiri chomwe Angelezi amachita. M'zaka zaposachedwa chiphunzitsochi chikubadwanso mwatsopano ku England ndipo tsiku lililonse pali zambiri mdziko muno. Zifukwazi ndizosiyanasiyana, ngakhale awiri ali ndi kulemera kwakukulu: mbali imodzi, kuchepa kwa Tchalitchi cha England pomwe ena mwa okhulupirira ake asandulika Chikatolika chifukwa chofanana pachikhulupiriro kapena angovomereza kuti kulibe Mulungu. Kumbali inayi, Akatolika ambiri ochokera ku England afika ku England omwe amachita zomwe amakhulupirira, motero amapuma mpweya wabwino kwa Akatolika.

Zathandizanso kutsitsimutsa Chikatolika ku England kuti anthu wamba omwe ali ndi maudindo ofunikira adalengeza poyera kuti ndi Akatolika mdziko lomwe mpaka kalekale anthu okhulupirikawa adasalidwa ndikulekanitsidwa ndi maudindo aboma komanso ankhondo. Chitsanzo cha anthu otchuka achikatolika ku England ndi Minister of Labor Iain Duncan Smith, Woyang'anira BBC a Mark Thompson kapena Prime Minister wakale a Tony Blair.

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Islam

Chipembedzo chachitatu chomwe anthu ambiri ku England amachita ndichachisilamu, pomwe 11% yaomwe akukhalamo ndipo ndichikhulupiriro chomwe chakula kwambiri mzaka zaposachedwa malinga ndi Office for National Statistics. Ili mu likulu, London, komwe Asilamu ambiri akuchulukirachulukira ndikutsatiridwa ndi malo ena monga Birmingham, Bradford, Manchester kapena Leicester.

Chipembedzochi chinabadwa mu 622 AD ndikulalikira kwa Mneneri Muhammad ku Mecca (Saudi Arabia masiku ano). Motsogozedwa ndi iye komanso omutsatira, Chisilamu chidafalikira mwachangu padziko lapansi ndipo lero ndi chimodzi mwazipembedzo zomwe zili ndi anthu ambiri okhulupilika Padziko Lapansi okhala ndi anthu 1.900 biliyoni. Kuphatikiza apo, Asilamu ndi anthu ambiri m'maiko 50.

Chisilamu ndichipembedzo chokhazikika chokha chozikidwa pa Korani, chomwe maziko ake kwa okhulupirira ndikuti "Palibe mulungu wina koma Allah ndi Muhammad ndiye mneneri wake."

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Chihindu

Chipembedzo chotsatira chomwe chili ndi anthu ambiri okhulupirika ndi Chihindu. Monga ndi Chisilamu, osamuka achihindu omwe adabwera kudzagwira ntchito ku England adabwera ndi miyambo yawo komanso chikhulupiriro chawo. Ambiri mwa iwo adasamukira kukagwira ntchito ku United Kingdom pambuyo pa ufulu wa India mu 1947 komanso ndi nkhondo yapachiweniweni ku Sri Lanka yomwe idayamba mchaka cha 80.

Gulu lachihindu ndilambiri ku England, kotero kuti mu 1995 kachisi woyamba wachihindu adamangidwa, kumpoto kwa likulu la England ku Neasden, kuti okhulupirika athe kupemphera. Akuti padziko lapansi pali Ahindu okwana 800 miliyoni, pokhala amodzi mwa zipembedzo zomwe zili zokhulupirika kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Chiphunzitso chachihindu

Mosiyana ndi zipembedzo zina, Chihindu sichikhala ndi woyambitsa. Si nzeru kapena chipembedzo chofanana koma ndi zikhulupiriro, miyambo, zikhulupiriro, miyambo ndi malingaliro omwe amapanga miyambo yodziwika bwino, momwe mulibe bungwe kapena ziphunzitso zodziwika bwino.

Ngakhale gulu lachihindu lili ndi milungu yambiri komanso milungu yambiri, ambiri mwa okhulupilika ali odzipereka kuwonetseredwa katatu kwa mulungu wamkulu wotchedwa Trimurti, utatu wachihindu: Brahma, Visnu ndi Siva, wopanga, wosunga komanso wowononga motsatana. Mulungu aliyense amakhala ndi ma avatar osiyana, omwe ndi thupi la Mulungu pa Dziko Lapansi.

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Chibuda

Zimakhalanso zachizolowezi kupeza otsatira Buddha ku England, makamaka ochokera kumayiko aku Asia omwe ali ndi mbiri yofanana ndi England chifukwa cha ufumu wa England womwe udakhazikitsidwa ku kontinentiyo mpaka zaka za zana la XNUMX. Mbali inayi, palinso anthu ambiri osandulika kuchipembedzo ichi kuchokera kuzikhulupiriro zina.

Chibuda ndi chimodzi mwazipembedzo zazikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi malinga ndi otsatira ake. Ili ndi masukulu osiyanasiyana, ziphunzitso ndi machitidwe omwe malinga ndi malo komanso mbiri yakale adasankhidwa mu Buddhism ochokera kumpoto, kumwera ndi kum'mawa.

Chiphunzitso cha Chibuda

Chibuda chidayamba m'zaka za zana lachisanu BC kuchokera kuziphunzitso zoperekedwa ndi Siddhartha Gautama, woyambitsa wawo, kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa India. Kuyambira pamenepo, idayamba kukulira mwachangu ku Asia.

Ziphunzitso za Buddha zafotokozedwa mwachidule mu "Choonadi Chachinayi Chachikulu" pokhala chiphunzitso chake chapakati pamalamulo a Karma. Lamuloli limafotokoza kuti zochita za anthu, zabwino kapena zoyipa, zili ndi zotsatirapo m'miyoyo yathu komanso m'thupi lotsatira. Momwemonso, Chibuda chimakana kutsimikiza chifukwa anthu ali ndi ufulu wokonza tsogolo lawo kutengera zochita zawo, ngakhale atha kukhala ndi zotsatirapo pazomwe adakumana nazo m'moyo wakale.

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Chiyuda

Chiyuda chiliponso ku England ndipo ndichimodzi mwazipembedzo zakale kwambiri padziko lapansi, woyamba wachipembedzo chimodzi, popeza umatsimikizira kukhalapo kwa Mulungu wamphamvuyonse yekha komanso wodziwa zonse. Chikhristu chimachokera ku Chiyuda chifukwa Chipangano Chakale ndilo gawo loyamba la Chikhristu ndipo Yesu, mwana wa Mulungu wa akhristu, adachokera ku Chiyuda.

Chiphunzitso chachiyuda

Zomwe zili mu chiphunzitsochi zimapangidwa ndi Torah, ndiko kuti, lamulo la Mulungu lofotokozedwa kudzera m'malamulo omwe adapatsa Mose pa Sinai. Kudzera m'malamulo awa, anthu amayenera kuwongolera miyoyo yawo ndikugonjera ku chifuniro cha Mulungu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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