Mbiri ya Matryoshka, chidole cha ku Russia

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Tikadadzifunsa kuti ndi chikumbutso chiti chomwe titha kupita nacho kunyumba tikapita ku Russia, ambiri a ife tikhoza kuyankha mosazengereza kuti kukumbukira bwino ndi matrioshka.

Ndi imodzi mwazoseweretsa zodziwika kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, zomwe mudzaizindikira mosavuta ngakhale simunapiteko ku Russia. M'malo mwake, kutchuka kwawo ndikuti ma matrioshkas adakhala chizindikiro chokongoletsera komanso mafashoni. Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kukhala ndi matrioshka kunyumba ndipo simukumbukira komwe mwapeza.

Matrioshkas ali ndi chidwi chochokera komanso tanthauzo lalikulu kwa anthu aku Russia akawalandira ngati mphatso. Ngati mwakhala mukuganiza kuti mbiri yazoseweretsa iyi ndi yani, komwe limachokera ndi zomwe zikuyimira, simungaphonye nkhaniyi komwe ndiyankhe mafunso onsewa.

Matrioshkas ndi chiyani?

Ndi tizidole tamatabwa tomwe timasanja tofananira tokha mosiyanasiyana.. Kutengera kukula kwa mayi matrioshka, mkati titha kupeza pakati pa ochepera asanu mpaka matrioshka makumi awiri, lililonse laling'ono kuposa loyambalo. Zodabwitsa!

Kodi matrioshkas amaimira chiyani?

Matrioshkas akuyimira azimayi osauka aku Russia ndipo ndi chikhalidwe cha dzikolo.

Kodi matrioshkas amapangidwa bwanji?

Kupanga matrioshkas, matabwa omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi omwe amachokera ku alder, balsa kapena birch, ngakhale nkhuni zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi linden.

Mitengoyi imadulidwa mu Epulo, pomwe ndi yodzaza kwambiri, ndipo mitengoyo imapatsidwa mphepo kwa zaka zosachepera ziwiri popaka kumapeto kwake ndi timiyala kuti nkhuni zisang'ambe.

Akakonzeka, akalipentalawo amadula utali woyenera ndikuwatumiza ku msonkhano kukakonza nkhuni magawo 15. Matrioshka yoyamba yomwe imapangidwa nthawi zonse imakhala yaying'ono kwambiri.

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Kodi dzina matrioshka limachokera kuti?

Dzina la chidole ichi limachokera ku «Matriona», chimodzi mwazotchuka kwambiri ku Russia wakale, chomwe chimachokera ku Latin «mater» kutanthauza mayi. Pambuyo pake mawu oti "Matriona" adasinthidwa kukhala matrioshka kuti atchule chidolechi. Mawu ena omwe amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kutanthauza matrioshkas ndi mayina monga mamushka ndi babushka.

Kodi matrioshkas ndi chiyani?

Matrioshkas aku Russia akuimira kubala, kukhala mayi komanso moyo wosatha. Ndiye kuti, banja lalikulu komanso logwirizana pomwe mayi amabala mwana wamkazi, izi kwa mdzukulu wake, iye kwa mdzukulu wake wamwamuna ndi zina zotero mpaka kuyimira dziko lopanda malire.

Poyamba, zidole zazimayi zokha ndizomwe zidasemedwa, koma pambuyo pake, ziwerengero zamwamuna zimapangidwanso kuti amalize banja ndikuwonetsanso zina monga ubale pakati pa abale. Pakapita nthawi, adayambanso kupanga matrioshkas aku Russia omwe amayimira mbiri yakale kapena zolembalemba.

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Mbiri ya matrioshkas ndi chiyani?

Zimanenedwa kuti kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, wogulitsa waku Russia komanso wogwirizira Savva Mamontov adapita ku Japan komwe adayendera chiwonetsero chomwe adaphunzira chazaka zam'mbuyomu za matrioshkas. Icho chinali choyimira cha milungu isanu ndi iwiri yomwe inali mkati mwa inayo kukhala Fukurokuju (mulungu wachimwemwe ndi wanzeru) wamkulu komanso yemwe anali ndi milungu ina yonse.

Mamontov adasunga lingalirolo ndipo atabwerera ku Russia adakapereka kwa wojambula komanso wotembenukira Sergei Maliutin kuti apange mtundu wake wa chidutswa cha Japan. Mwanjira imeneyi, chidole chidapangidwa chomwe chimayimira anthu wamba achimwemwe aku Russia omwe amalandila ana awo onse.

Choseweretsa chidadzetsa chidwi pa Chiwonetsero cha World War ku 1900, komwe chidapambana mendulo yamkuwa, ndipo mafakitale posakhalitsa adayamba kutuluka ku Russia ndikupanga matryoshka ogulitsa mdziko lonselo komanso Kumadzulo. Mwanjira imeneyi, yakhala chithunzi cha chikhalidwe cha Russia komanso chikumbutso choyimira dzikolo. Mmisiri aliyense adula zidole zake ndipo zasanduka zidole zamtengo wapatali chifukwa nthawi zina zimakhala zinthu zokhazokha.

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Museum ya Moscow Matryoshka

M'malo mwake, ndizofunikira kwambiri kotero kuti mu 2001 idatsegulidwa ku Moscow, nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale ya Matryoshka kulengeza mbiri yazoseweretsa izi ndikusintha kwawo kwakanthawi.

Nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakaleyi imawonetsa ena mwa matrioshkas oyamba achi Russia omwe adapangidwa koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX komanso momwe mapangidwe awo adasinthira pazaka zambiri.

Mwachitsanzo, m'ma 1920 ma Bolshevik matrioshkas adayimira anthu ogwira ntchito ndipo ngakhale chithunzi cha "kulak" (mawu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito moperewera kutanthauza anthu wamba olemera) adatulutsanso atavala kapu ndipo mikono idadutsa pamimba chachikulu.

Munthawi ya USSR, boma lidafuna kuphatikizira mayiko akunja a Soviet mu matrioshkas ndi mayiko osiyanasiyana monga Belarusian, Ukraine, Russian, ndi ena. Ngakhale ndi mpikisano wamlengalenga, gulu lalikulu la zidole za a astronaut linapangidwanso ndi suti yawo yothamangira komanso rocket yapamtunda.

Pambuyo pa kutha kwa USSR, mutu wa matrioshkas osiyanasiyana komanso andale odziwika komanso odziwika padziko lonse lapansi adayamba kuyimiridwa.

Kuyendera zosonkhanitsazo ndizosangalatsa kuyerekeza matrioshka achikhalidwe kwambiri ndi amakono kwambiri. komanso ndi ziwonetsero zaku Japan za dio Fukuruma zomwe zidawalimbikitsa. Nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale imawonetsanso kusiyana pakati pa matryoshka ochokera m'malo osiyanasiyana ku Russia ndipo imafotokozanso za moyo ndi ntchito za amisiri ndi ojambula ojambula otsogola aku Russia.

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Perekani matrioshka

Kwa anthu aku Russia zili ndi tanthauzo lalikulu kupereka matryoshka ngati mphatso. Wina akalandira imodzi mwazidole izi ngati mphatso, amayenera kutsegula matrioshka yoyamba ndikupanga chokhumba. Zikakwaniritsidwa, mutha kutsegula chidole chachiwiri ndikupanga chokhumba china chatsopano. Kotero mpaka matryoshka wotsiriza ndi wocheperako afikiridwa.

Matrioshka onse akangotsegulidwa, aliyense amene walandila mphatsoyi ayenera kuyipereka kwa mbadwa ngati chizindikiro kuti akuchoka pachisa. Poyamba izi zinkachitika ndi akazi. Ndiwo okha omwe amayang'anira nyumbayo ndipo amatha kupanga zokhumba kuti pamapeto pake apereke matrioshka kwa ana awo.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake wina akakupatsani matrioshka, Amanenedwa pachikhalidwe chaku Russia kuti akukupatsani chikondi chake monga chidole.

Ngati, kumbali inayo, ndiinu amene mupereke matryoshka ngati mphatso, kuwonjezera pakupereka tsatanetsatane, chinthu chabwino kwambiri chomwe mungachite ndikumuuza wolandirayo tanthauzo ndi mbiri ya mphatsoyo tsopano momwe mukudziwa izo. Mwanjira imeneyi, adzalemekeza mphatsoyo kwambiri ndipo adziwa zoyenera kuchita ndi matryoshka aposachedwa komanso ang'ono kwambiri.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*